Radnorshire



DISCOED, Upper House (SO 276 647) Solar cross-wing

Felling dates: Winter 1530/31 and Spring 1536

Purlin 1535 (25¼C); First floor girt 1530 (62C); Tiebeam 1521 (32). Site Master 1375-1535 DISCOED1 (t=11.4 SALOP95; 9.4  MASTERAL; 9.3  SOUTH)

Upper House, Discoed, is a fine close-studded storeyed solar wing which survives from a late-medieval range which has been otherwise completely reconstructed.  The wing is comparable with the added solar at Burfa in terms of detail and plan development, but the applied pilaster window at Upper House is particularly notable.  Unpublished RCAHMW plan and sections. (Miles and Worthington 1998, VA 29, list 94)


EVENJOBB, Old Burfa (SO 279 613)

(a)     Hall

Felling dates: Winter 1486/7 and Winter 1487/8

Purlin 1486 (20C); Cruck blade 1487 (25C). Site Master 1347-1487 OLDBRFA1 (t=14.0 WALES97; 13.1 SALOP95; 10.9 HERECB2)

(b)     Solar cross-wing

Felling dates: Winter 1500/1501 and Spring 1502

(c)     Alterations to Hall

Felling date: Winter 1643/4

(b) Wall plate 1501 (32¼C); Principal rafter to hall gable 1500 (28C). (c) Inner longitudinal beam 1643 (27C); Moulded transverse beam 1643 (17C). Site Master 1506-1643 brfa7 (t=7.3 PENIARTH; 6.4 OLDHLLFM; 5.6 HABBERLY)

Old Burfa is a vernacular house of three main phases:  (1) a downhill-sited cruck-framed hall-house (1487); (2) a close-studded, jettied, storeyed solar wing replacing the upper end bay, and a cross-gable inserted over the upper end of the hall (1502); (3) the stair projection and enlargement of the hall with ovolo-moulded timber detail (1643/4).  Wall paintings survive on the hall side of the solar and within the wing.  The sampling was undertaken to refine the interpretation of the house and to date the timber detail.  RCAHMW plan and sections:  see VAG Spring Conference Radnosshire Programme 1996. (Miles and Worthington 1998, VA 29, list 94)


GLADESTRY, Llanhaylow Old House (demolished) (SO 2085 5356)                              

(a)     Primary cruck phase       

Felling date range: (OxCal modelled) 1515-36  (unrefined 1511-41)

(b)     Secondary cruck phase  

Felling date range: 1545-75

(a) Crucks (3/4) 1502(1), 1499, 1431; (b) Cruck 1534(H/S). Site Masters (a) 1344-1502 CLYRO (t= 9.1 GLOUC_MH; 9.1 WALES97; 8.7 HEREFC); (b) 1436-1534 clyr5 (t = 7.4 STOKE4; 6.5 WALES97; 6.2 LAWNS1)

A cruck-framed hall-house probably of ‘peasant’ type with three pairs of crucks with tiebeams defining the single-bayed hall and inner-room of a ‘peasant’ hall-house. The type has been described in Richard Suggett, Houses & History in the March of Wales (RCAHMW, 2005), and Llanhaylow should be added to the list of sites. The cruck frame had been dismantled prior to sampling, making a full interpretation of the building very difficult. Five of the six cruck blades were suitable for sampling. Two samples with complete sapwood from truss A failed to date conclusively. However another sample from truss A, as well as one each from trusses C and D did match together and dated. Another cruck from truss D also dated, but the 1545-75 date range shows that this cruck was from a later phase of construction. Sampling commissioned by owner in association with RCAHMW. (Miles, Worthington, and Bridge 2007, VA 38, list 193)


GLADESTRY, Lower Hengoed (SO 266 533)

Felling date: Winter 1491/2

Crucks (2/3) 1484 (16); 1491 (28C). Site Master 1357-1491 LHENGOED (t=6.6 MASTERAL; 6.6 NORTH; 6.5 WALES97)

The most complete of the Radnorshire three-unit cruck-framed hall-houses with a characteristic arch-braced and quatrefoiled central hall truss.  The precise late-15th-century felling date obtained is consistent with dates obtained from similar halls of gentry status in Wales and the Marches (VA 27 (1996), 29-33).  Unpublished plan and description: National Monuments Record for Wales. (Miles and Worthington 1999, VA 30, list 103)


NANTMEL, Cefn-ceido (SN 982 682)

Felling date range: 1475-1505

Purlin (1/3) 1466 (2); Cruck blades; Collar (0/3); Site Master 1415-1466 cefn3 t=6.6 WALES97; 6.4 GARDENCT; 6.4 HERECB2)

Cefn-ceido is a late-medieval cruck-framed hall-house which has produced a felling date range of 1475-1505.  A central hall of two bays is set between an upper end bay and a lower end projecting wing.  Unusual features includes the king post of the central truss, the over-sailing cruck blade of the wing which defines the cross-passage doorway, and the apparently contemporary combination of stone and timber walling.  The central truss is un-cusped.  Cefn-ceido was probably converted into a barn circa 1800 and the hall remains open to the roof. RCAHMW plan and sections:  see VAG Spring Conference Radnosshire Programme 1996. (Miles and Worthington 1998, VA 29, list 94)


NANTMEL, Middle Nant-serth (SN 969 699)

Felling date: Winter 1555/6

Tiebeam 1555 (23C); Collar (0/1); Crucks (0/2). Site Master 1446-1555 mns1 (t=6.0 WALES97; 4.8 BEDSTONE; 4.8 PENIARTH)

A three-unit cruck-framed upland hall-house with an arch-braced but otherwise plain central hall truss.  An interesting late felling date was obtained for the crucks but the inserted fireplace and ceiling was not sampled.  Unpublished plan and description: National Monuments Record for Wales. (Miles and Worthington 1999, VA 30, list 103)


NORTON, Old Impton (SO 292 670)

(a)     Main Range

Felling date: Winter 1471/2

Purlins 1471 (30C); 1431 (H/S); Principal rafters (0/2). Site Master 1391-1471 OLDIMTN1 (t=9.1 GIERTZS; 9.0 WALES97; 8.6 OLDBRFA1)

(b)     Porch and rear wing

Felling dates: Summer 1542 and Winter 1542/3

Corner post 1542 (56C); Purlins 1542 (29C, 31C), 1541 (33); Wall plate 1541 (23½C); Window cill beam 1519 (H/S); Strut/principal rafter 1521 (H/S). Site Master 1415-1542 OLDIMTN2 (t=7.7 STOKE4; 7.0 SALOP95; 6.9 WALES97)

Old Impton, Norton, is a complex house of unit system type which developed from a downhill-sited stone-built medieval core of 1471.  Two close-studded storeyed wings were added to the upper and lower ends of the medieval range and a new jettied porch provided an elaborate entrance to the hall.  The timber detail is of exceptional quality with distinctive pilaster-mouldings on the posts of the west range and elaborate and sophisticated carved detail to the porch, both giving felling dates of 1542.  Special mention must be made of the porch jetty bracket depicting carpentry tools.  The sampling was undertaken to refine the interpretation of the house and to date the timber details. RCAHMW plan and sections.  See VAG Spring Conference Programme Radnorshire 1996. (Miles and Worthington 1998, VA 29, list 94)


PRESTEIGNE, Tan House (SO 316 645)

Felling dates: Winter 1435/6 and Spring 1436

Principal rafter 1435 (15C); Purlin 1435 (27¼C); Collar (0/1). Site Master 1338-1435 TANHOUSE (t=7.2 OLDBRFA1; 6.5 LLANSHAY; 5.8 WHITEHLL)

A fine box-framed storeyed solar wing of three bays with multi-cusped trusses survives from an important hall-house sited near the parish church.  The 1436 felling date is one of the earliest obtained by the Welsh dendrochronology project.  The felling dates for Tan House and White Hall (below) suggest that a post-Glyndwr rebuilding took place in this border town.  Unpublished plan and description: National Monuments Record for Wales. (Miles and Worthington 1999, VA 30, list 103)


PRESTEIGNE, White Hall (SO 314 643)

Felling dates: Spring 1462 to Summer 1463

Cross-wing principal rafters (1/2) 1461 (29¼C); Hall rafters 1452 (H/S); 1462 (26C, 27C, 20¼C, 24½C); Principal rafter (0/1). Site Master 1352-1462 WHITEHLL (t=10.8 OLDBRFA1; 10.7 WALES97; 10.6 SALOP95)

The most complete late-medieval town-house in central Wales.  A box-framed two-bay hall with upper cross-wing of three bays survive.  The roofs of both hall (with louvre) and cross-wing (with restrained cusping) survive virtually complete.  Unpublished plan and description: National Monuments Record for Wales. (Miles and Worthington 1999, VA 30, list 103)